8. ‘Jakob, the Liar’

As time marched on, documentaries about the Holocaust gave way to fictions. In one of the first portrayals of Jewish resistance, Frank Beyer adapted the novel by Jurek Becker to make “Jakob, the Liar” in 1975. Remade with Robin Williams in 1999, the East German-Czechoslovakian drama originally starred Vlastimil Brodsky as a Jew who provides hope to his small ghetto by relating fictitious radio broadcasts of the Allied advance. In the end, Jakob dies rather than debunk his lies. Both films have been criticized for trivializing the Holocaust, but the original was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.