4. Hurva Synagogue
The Hurva synagogue was first built in Jerusalem in 1700. Twenty-one years later, however, Arabs then burned it down. In 1816, local Jews tried again, and attempted to restore the shul to the site. Their mission was accomplished in 1864, when the synagogue was rebuilt and rededicated. But after Jerusalem’s Jewish Quarter fell during Israel’s War of Independence in 1948, Jordanian forces blew up the synagogue. After Israel’s victory in the Six-Day War in 1967, there were plans to rebuild the shul. After years of work, the restored synagogue was officially reopened in 2010.