The Golani Brigade is the oldest, and one of the most respected, brigades in the Israeli Defense Forces.
Created on February 22, 1948, during the Arab-Israeli War, the unit was a necessary defense system in securing the Jewish state’s ultimate freedom and independence.
The Golani Brigade is under the subordination of the 36th Division and is typically found in the north. Its symbol is a green tree on a yellow background and Golani troops are recognizable by their iconic brown berets.
The Golani Brigade is one of the oldest in the IDF and is often sent on some of the most challenging missions. It has participated in nearly every one of Israel’s major operations, like the Entebbe rescue, the Six-Day War, the Yom Kippur War, and both Lebanese wars.
Among the original members of the first Golani Brigade were troops from the Haganah, Israel’s first militia army and a precursor to the IDF. Two of its commanders, Mordechai Gur and Gabi Ashkenazi, went on to become heads of the IDF.
Today, the brigade is comprised of five battalions, two of which came from the first Golani Brigade.