A recent study conducted by Tel Aviv University and the University of Haifa found that women in industrialized nations are more likely to work in stressful and inflexible jobs while earning less than their male counterparts.

In a survey of 27 countries, including the United States, researchers Haya Stier of Tel Aviv University and Meir Yaish of the University of Haifa asked questions of 8,500 men and 9,000 women about their work, including job satisfaction and stress.

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When tallying the results, researchers found that despite a lessening gender gap, men still fare better at work.

“The findings indicate that women enjoy hardly any advantage over men in the labor market,” the researchers concluded after crunching the numbers. “Women lag behind men on most employment dimensions: their jobs offer lower salaries and fewer opportunities for advancement, but also lower job security, worse job content, less time autonomy and worse emotional conditions.”

Yet, while the gender disparity may not seem to be surprising, Stier and Yaish claim that their study also disproves the theory of why women earn less overall in the world’s most industrialized nations.

According to Stier and Yaish, it is generally thought that women voluntarily have traded in higher pay and higher prestige jobs for a more flexible schedule that allows them to be more readily available for their children or other household tasks.

In contrast, the study found men actually take more time off of work and are more likely to have a flexible schedule.

The research “does not support the claim that women enjoy a more relaxed and convenient work environment to compensate for their lack of achievement,” Stier and Yaish pointed out, adding, that the result, “runs counter to the expectation that women’s occupations compensate for their low wages and limited opportunities for promotion by providing better employment conditions.”

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