According to the Central Bureau of Statistics’ (CBS) report that was released on May 9, Israel’s population today stands at approximately 8.522 million people, up from the 806,000 people when it was first founded in 1948.
The Jewish population of Israel is approximately 6.377 million, or 74.8 percent of the population. The Arab population of Israel is approximately 1.771 million people, or 20.8 percent of Israel’s population. The last 4.4 percent, or 374,000 people, consists of non-Arab Christians and people of other religions, in addition to those who are not religiously affiliated.
The report also found that on May 15, 1948, the day the State of Israel was founded, there were 11.5 million Jews in the world, only six percent of whom were living in Israel.
However, in 2014, there were 14.3 million Jews in the world, 43 percent of whom were living in Israel.
The data also revealed that Israel’s population is expected to reach 11.3 million by 2035.
According to the report, the population in Israel grew by approximately 182,000 people, for a 2.2 percent increase.
Additionally, the figures showed that approximately 195,000 babies were born in Israel this past year while there were approximately 47,000 deaths. According to statistics from 2014, there are approximately 192,000 foreigners in Israel.
With respect to aliyah, some 36,000 new immigrants arrived in Israel over the course of this past year.
The report also noted that approximately 75 percent of the Jewish population of Israel is considered Sabarim, a term that is used to describe native-born Israelis. This is a huge increase from 1948, where only 35 percent of the population was native born.
In 1948, there was only one city in Israel that had more than 100,000 residents—Tel Aviv. Today, there are 14 cities with over 100,000 residents, eight of which have over 200,000 residents—Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Haifa, Rishon LeZion, Ashdod, Petach Tikvah, Netanya, and Be’er Sheba.
The report also found that the GDP of Israel in 2015 was NIS 1,108.8 billion, which is 44 times greater than in 1950 when Israel’s GDP was NIS 25.1 billion.
In addition, the data discovered that in November 1955, Israel had a 7.2 percent unemployment rate, while it was only 5.3 percent in 2015.
CBS also touted a growing affluence in Israel since the days of its founding, with 2,965,727 cars on Israeli roads in 2014, compared to 34,103 cars in 1951.
Also, in 1956/1957, only 12 percent of Israelis had washing machines, while today 96 percent do.
A similar percentage of Israelis have cell phones today, compared to the 13 percent in 1961 who had a phone line.
The data also revealed that in 1956/1957, Israelis spent 42 percent of their monthly expenditure on food, compared to 16.2 percent in 2014. In contrast, 1956/1957 Israelis spent only three percent of their monthly expenditures on communications and transportation, but in 2014, that number was 20 percent.
In addition, data from that same year revealed that 57 percent of Israelis had an ice box and 37 percent had a refrigerator, compared to the 99.9 percent of Israelis who owned a refrigerator in 2014.
In 1957, only ten percent of Israel’s population had air conditioning, but by 2014, 87 percent of Israelis had an air conditioner.
Israel also made giant leaps with respect to higher education. During the 1949/1950 academic year, there were only 1,600 students, but by the 2014/2015 academic year, there were approximately 310,000 pursuing higher education degrees.
However, Israel’s commitment to civic duty has decreased in recent years. In January 1949, 86.9 percent of the population voted, but in March 2015, only 72.3 percent voted.