Sen. Rand Paul introduced a bill that would cut U.S. funding to the Palestinian Authority until it withdraws its request to join the International Criminal Court.

The bill introduced this week would close a loophole in legislation rushed through last month at the tail end of the previous congressional session. That legislation, which was packed into an omnibus spending bill, suspended aid to the Palestinians only after the launch of any investigation targeting Israelis.

The United States provides approximately $500 million in an annual assistance to the Palestinian Authority.

Paul’s legislation addresses the December 31 Palestinian application to join the ICC. The Kentucky Republican is likely to seek his party’s nomination for the 2016 presidential race.

The Obama administration is reluctant to strip funding from the Palestinian Authority, which is preeminent in the West Bank, seeing it as a bulwark against Hamas, the terrorist organization that controls the Gaza Strip.

Jen Psaki, a State Department spokeswoman, said that the administration is studying Paul’s bill. She also said that the United States does not believe that the Palestinians are eligible to join the ICC.

“The United States does not believe that the state of Palestine qualifies as a sovereign state and does not recognize it as such and does not believe that it is eligible to accede to the Rome Statute,” she said, referring to the 1998 treaty that led to the court’s founding in 2002.

The American legal opinion in this case, however, would not carry as much weight as the United States, like Israel, did not join the Rome Statute.

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