In November 2015, the Israel Security Agency (ISA) and the IDF apprehended a Hamas terror cell based in Hebron.

The cell plotted to open fire on Israeli civilians driving along Route 35 near Hebron. During the arrests, forces uncovered an M-16 rifle and handgun intended to be used in the attack.

The commander of the Hamas cell was Muhammad Ali Kawasme. He was responsible for the recruitment of the other operatives. Other members of the cell included Louis Faisal Hashlamoun, Amar Mahmed Awiwy, and Hassam Fahri Hashlamoun. All of these individuals had previous associations with Hamas.

During the investigation, it was revealed that Kawasme and Louis Hashlamoun had been observing activity on Route 35 in order to find an optimal location for the shooting. Weapons were purchased for the purpose of the attack, and a stolen vehicle was bought in order to quickly flee from the scene.

After review of the evidence, the operatives were indicted for plotting murder and for association with Hamas.