This year marks 70 years since Anne Frank died of Typhus in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp as one of the many victims of the camp.
At the time, the Red Cross officially concluded that she died at some time between March 1 and March 31, 1945. Now new research by the Anne Frank House has shed new light on the last months of Anne Frank and her sister Margot. It is unlikely that they were still alive in March; their deaths must have occurred in February 1945.
On the desolate expanse of the Lunenburg Health, the former site of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, stands a small memorial to Anne and Margot Frank. Flowers and tokens of remembrance are often left there, as if it were their grave. In reality they, like the tens of thousands of other victims of Bergen-Belsen, died at an unknown time in an unknown place.
The Red Cross concluded that Anne and Margot Frank died some time between March 1 and March 31, 1945. The Dutch authorities later set the date of death as March 31 for both Anne and Margot. However, researchers wondered where this later date came from. The Anne Frank House has carried out new research into the last months of Anne and Margot through studying the archives of the Red Cross, the International Tracing Service in Bad Arolsen, and the Bergen-Belsen Memorial, together with as many eyewitness testimonies of survivors as possible. Research was also carried out into the existing literature.
The research sheds new light on the last months of Anne and Margot. It is unlikely that they were still alive in March 1945. Seventy years later, researchers can now state that the date of their deaths must have been in February 1945