The global Jewish community is facing increased harassment and hostility, according to a new report by the Pew Research Center.

The study added that religious groups as a whole are experiencing added persecution, with Jews and Christians seeing a surge in the number of countries where the harassment has been reported.

“Jews were harassed in 71 countries in 2012, slightly higher than the year before (69 countries, which was the previous high). Harassment of Christians continued to be reported in the largest number of countries (110), an increase from the previous year (105) but not a six-year high,” the survey said.

The report also indicated that of all 198 nations polled, one-third had high religious hostilities in 2012, the highest figure since the study was launched in 2006.

Pew said the highest increase in social hostility occurred in the Middle East and North Africa, where locals are “feeling the effects of the 2010-11 political uprisings known as the Arab Spring.”

Jewish individuals are more likely to be harassed by groups or private citizens, per the study, while Christians reportedly face hostility from both lay groups and government. Social hostility toward all religions has reached an all time high, Pew stated.

Other religions also saw a growth in provocation. Muslims were harassed in 109 countries, up from 101 in 2011; Hindus were harassed in 16 countries, up from 12; and Buddhists were harassed in 13 countries, up from nine.